open menu
126 Bonnie Crescent, Unit 2
Elmira, Ontario,
N3B 3J8

Pine Flooring Installation


Prior to installation the floor must be inspected for:
  • Quality – Check the quality and verify the material is as requested.
  • Quantity – Verify the amount is correct.
  • Colour – Verify the colour is correct.
  • Size – Verify the widths are correct.
  • Moisture – Confirm the moisture content of floor and sub-floor are within 2% to
  • 2.5% of each other.
If you suspect anything is incorrect with your floor, DO NOT install. Please address all
issues prior to installation. INSTALLATION IMPLIES ACCEPTANCE.


Place your flooring in the room where you plan to install. Allow 7 to 10 days for the
wood to acclimatize. This is important – the wood needs to expand or contract based on
the spaces relative humidity. Failure to do so may cause gaps to appear in the seams
or lifting of the boards due to expansion once installed.


Always wear proper safety glasses, dust mask and gloves when cutting or installing
flooring. Follow the proper safety procedures highlighted by the tool manufacturers.


All sub-floors must be free of oil, debris and any adhesive residue.
It is recommended installers follow National Floor Manufacturers Association guidelines.

Flooring should be installed perpendicular to the joists or on a diagonal (45 degree
maximum) for any single layer of sub-floor. If installation parallel to the joists is required,
then add an additional layer of minimum ½” sub-floor or brace between joists with 2×6
every 24” minimum.
Prior to installation place building paper to reduce squeaking and noise. Overlap and

Snap a working line parallel to the starting wall allowing ¾” expansion space between
the starting line and the edge of the first plank run. The expansion space must be left
around the perimeter and at all vertical obstructions.

Lay one row of flooring along the entire length of the working line. This row should be
top nailed and blind nailed. This will also be the case with the last row.

Stagger the end joints a minimum of 6” between pieces on adjacent rows.

Be sure to install the widths as you planned when you ordered. For example: 6”, 8”,
10”, repeat. Failure to do so will leave you with too many widths of one kind when you
reach the other side of the room.


Blind nail (45 degrees) through the tongue using 2” barbed flooring cleat, 7d or 8d
flooring nail or 2” 15 gauge spaple with ½” crown.
Face nail using a finishing nail.
Fasteners should be space every 8”.


Gluing boards down can help reduce any cupping that may occur, particularly on the
wider 8” and 10” widths.

Apply construction adhesive (ie PL Construction Adhesives) to the back of the board
about 1” in from the edges. Apply a bead to the centre of the board using an “S” pattern.
Do not apply adhesive to the tongue or groove.

Nail as above in addition to the glue.

Face Screw

As an alternative to gluing, face screwing is an option. Install the floor using nails as
described above. When complete, place a screw in each of the four corners of every

Then, starting from a wall perpendicular to the flooring, snap a working line every 12” to
20”. You decide where to place the line. Try and have the line cross over as many end-matched splices as possible. Screw eachside of every board along the working line.

The screws should be made flush with the surface of the floor. Be sure to use thread-less shank flooring screws (do not use drywall screws).

Antique nails are a suitable aesthetic addition, but keep in mind, since they are not
threaded, they will not hold the floor board down and are really for appearance only.